Parents are often the first to notice a “difference” in the way their child is learning, but their fears and concerns will often not be affirmed by educators. Their parental instincts tell them that something is amiss, but teachers will say things like the child is “a late bloomer” or “unmotivated”. Because of Iowa’s status as a non-categorical state, most teachers with a reading endorsement have never taken a single credit related to dyslexia, even though 20% of Iowa’s students struggle with it to some degree. If you suspect dyslexia, review our list of characteristics of dyslexia. If you can confirm that your child exhibits some of the characteristics on the list then it would be wise to reach out for assessment. Regardless, begin pursuing knowledge relentlessly as you will need to be your child's biggest advocate.

Dyslexia Testing and Tutors

Dyslexia is misunderstood.

In the state of Iowa, we are working to help you understand. Educators have been told that it's an issue for physicians, and physicians have been told it's a learning issue that should be handled by the school. Regardless of whose job it is, if your child can't read or be successful in school, it is ultimately up to you as a parent, isn't it?

7755 Office Plaza Dr. N. Suite 105, West Des Moines, Iowa 50266

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Feel like you have fallen into some sort of educational black hole? 34 NIH universities and 38 years of their scientific research conclude:

• Dyslexia can be identified at birth.

New research shows that using fMRI’s, the dyslexic brain pattern can be seen as early as birth. Dr. Nadine Gaab, a leading neuro-scientist at the Boston Children’s Hospital, has spent her entire career studying the structure of the dyslexic brain and pioneered fMRI technology to examine its inner workings. Read her latest findings. 

http://vector.childrenshospital.org/2015/12/for-dyslexia-writing-is-often-on-the-wall-from-birth/



• The dyslexic brain structures itself differently.

Neuroscientists can now see that children with dyslexia read with predominantly the right side of their brain, where typical readers, use predominantly the left side of the brain. Scientists are currently searching to discover why this occurs.  We can now see that the two brains read differently, but the why, is still being researched.  The last article, linked below, hypothesizes that dyslexic brains have larger neurons, and thus structure differently to accommodate the thicker, longer wiring.



• Structural brain differences in kids with dyslexia:


http://www.greatschools.org/gk/articles/structural-brain-differences-in-kids-with-dyslexia/

Dyslexia and the Brain:  What does Current Research Tell Us?  http://www.ldonline.org/article/14907/

Increased White Matter Gyral Depth in Dyslexia: Implications for Corticocortical Connectivity  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2885870/



• Symptoms show as early as preschool, and if caught early (in kindergarten and 1st grade) it remediates faster.

If you suspect something isn’t right with your child’s development in speech and the acquisition of alphabetic skills in preschool and kindergarten, don’t wait.  Check out these symptoms, and give us a call.  We can help you decide if it could be dyslexia.

Dyslexia Symptoms in Preschool – WebMD 

http://www.webmd.com/children/tc/dyslexia-symptoms


Signs of Dyslexia – The Preschool Years
http://dyslexia.yale.edu/EDU_signs.html

Catch them Before They Fail by Dr. Joseph Torgesen, University of Florida  http://www.aft.org/sites/default/files/periodicals/torgesen.pdf


Ability to Catch Dyslexia Early May Stem Its Effects   http://dana.org/Publications/Brainwork/Details.aspx?id=43792


Early intervention in dyslexia can narrow the achievement gap UC Davis study says  http://news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=11349



• Dyslexia can affect math.

Some dyslexic students have a very hard time learning their math facts and remembering the steps to multiplication and long division. 


Dyslexia can affect math, especially speed of recall, and multi-step problems.
https://www.sciencenews.org/article/dyslexic-brain-may-solve-some-math-problems-roundabout-way



• Dyslexia and AD/HD:

A study by Dr. Manual Casanova, from the University of Louisville, has found that the thicker neurons associated with dyslexia, may also interfere with attention and focus. He theorizes that this relationship, may be structural and related, and could be why the two disorders occur together. Estimates of the two issues occurring together is as low as 10% and as high as 45%.

Increased White Matter Gyral Depth in Dyslexia: Implications for Corticocortical Connectivity  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2885870/


The Effects of ADHD (Beyond Decoding Accuracy) on Reading Fluency and Comprehension Dr. E. Mark Mahone, Ph.D., ABPP http://education.jhu.edu/PD/newhorizons/Journals/Winter2011/Mahone


AD/HD and Dyslexia – IDA Fact Sheet.  
http://eida.org/attention-deficithyperactivity-disorder-adhd-and-dyslexia/



• Are audiobooks a crutch?



• Learned helplessness – how to foster resiliency and independence in children who struggle to learn in the classroom.



• Dyslexia is 50% heritable.



• Is dyslexia harder for people who’s native language is English? – YES, and here’s why...



• Research & Links:

The Yale Center For Dyslexia & Creativity, Signs of Dyslexia 

http://dyslexia.yale.edu/clues1.html 


Bright Solutions for Dyslexia, great video on dyslexia

http://www.dys-add.com/videos/dyslexiaSymptomsSolutions_Part01.html


Learning Ally, Potential Indicators for Dyslexia 

https://www.learningally.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/LA_PotentialIndicatorsP.pdf



• Evaluation:

Early intervention is very important when it comes to dyslexia. If you suspect your child has dyslexia, have your child evaluated.


National Center for Learning Disabilities – Testing for Dyslexia http://ncld.org/parents-child-disabilities/ld-testing/testing-for-dyslexia


International Dyslexia Association – Testing and Evaluation

http://www.interdys.org/ewebeditpro5/upload/TestingandEvaluation.pdf



• Intervention:

International Dyslexia Association, Comparison of Multi-Sensory Programs

http://www.interdys.org/ewebeditpro5/upload/MSL2007finalR1.pdf


Introduction to the Orton-Gillingham Multi-Sensory Method

http://www.dys-add.com/getHelp.html#anchorOrtonIntro


Well-known Orton-Gillingham based systems

http://www.dys-add.com/getHelp.html#anchorOrtonSystems



• Support groups & mental health services:

Decoding Dyslexia – Iowa

https://www.facebook.com/DecodingDyslexiaIowa


Compass Clinical Associates

​www.compassclinicalassociates.com



• Resources:

Disabilities http://www.interdys.org/FactSheets.htm

Bright Solutions for Dyslexia http://www.dys-add.com/

The Yale Center for Dyslexia & Creativity http://www.dyslexia.yale.edu/ 

National Center for Learning Disabilities http://www.ncld.org/